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关于compare... to...的用法

问题:老师您好! 外研九上153页词汇表中compare...to含义为“把……比作”;而在八上82页中有例句"In Texas and the southeast, it is usually very hot and sunny compared to other places." 我的理解是这一例句中应用的是"compare...to..."的过去分词形式做状语,即"compare...to..." 也可用于比较;但其他老师认为只有compared to...才能用于比较,而"compare...to.."只能用于比喻,究竟是怎样的呢? 盼望百忙之中回复,谢谢!

 

回答:读者您好!对于您的问题答复如下:compare sth to sth解释为to say that one thing or person is similar to another,就是我们通常说的比喻含义;compare sth with/to sth的意思是to consider how things or people are different and how they are similar,就是我们通常说的比较;除此之外,compared 这个词也可与to/with搭配,表示对比。compared + to/with 表示 the ways in which two things are different, or about the ways in which something has changed,例句即是这种用法。两个词的具体含义和用法请参见麦克米伦高阶英汉双解词典P410 compare和compared 词条。
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